The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is an important forum of political consultation, conformed by 120 member States representing the interest and priorities of developing countries from several continents. NAM operates from a non-hierarchical, participative and rotating style of management, which allows all members States, without any differentiation or discrimination, to get involve under the global decision-making of world politics.
The main objective of NAM, since its foundation in 1961, is the establishment of an alliance of independent States and the establishment of a neutral movement which is not aligned with the international policy of the great powers of the world. Powers which at the time of the creation of the Movement, during the Cold War, were the United States and the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
The Non-Aligned Movement was conceived in the middle of the collapse of the colonial system and the struggle for independence of the peoples of Africa, Asia, Latin America and other regions of the world.
From the beginning of the Movement, its work was an essential factor for the decolonization process, which then led to the achievement of freedom and independence of many countries and peoples, as well as the creation of new States. NAM has played (from the first Summit in Belgrade, 1961) an important role in the strengthening of international peace and security.